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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Recently the AAP published recommendations for a safe sleep environment that can reduce the risk of all sleep-related infant deaths (such as suffocation, asphyxia, and entrapment), as well as SIDS. The recommendations for infants up to 1 year of age are categorized into 2 levels of strength:

Level A Recommendations (based on good and consistent scientific evidence)

  • Always place the infant on the his/her back for every sleep for the first year of life (includes infants with GE reflux)
  • No side sleeping.
  • Do not elevate the head of the bed (includes infants with GE reflux).
  • Once an infant can roll in both directions, the infant may be left in the position he/she assumes.
  • Use a firm sleep surface or mattress approved by the US Consumer and Product Safety Commission (US CPSC) covered by a thin, tightly fitted sheet.
  • Use a crib, bassinet, or portable-crib that conforms to current US CPSC standards.
  • Parents/providers should check that the crib/bassinet has not been recalled by the USCPSC.
  • Infants should not be placed on a standard bed for sleep.
  • Sitting devices, car seats, strollers, swings are not recommended for routine sleep, especially under 4 months of age.
  • Do not use broken cribs or attempt to fix a broken crib.
  • Room-sharing without bed-sharing is recommended (i.e. do not use “in-bed co-sleepers”; avoid co-bedding for twins and multiples).
  • Keep soft objects, such as pillows or toys out of the crib.
  • Bumper pads are not recommended.
  • Consider offering a pacifier at nap time and bedtime (if breast-feeding, introduce pacifier after breastfeeding is firmly established, usually by 3-4 weeks of age). Do not reinsert pacifier if it falls out once the infant is sleeping; If infant refuses the pacifier, the infant should not be forced to take it; do not attach to infants’ clothing during sleep; Pacifiers should not be hung around the infant’s neck)
  • Avoid overheating (dress accordingly; check if sweating or feels hot).
    [Sorry, no recommended room temp!]
  • Avoid the routine use of home cardio-respiratory monitors as a strategy for reducing the risk of SIDS (ok for selected infants).

 

Level B Recommendations (based on limited or inconsistent scientific evidence)

  • Avoid commercial devices marketed to reduce the risk of SIDS (claims need scientific evidence).
  • Supervised, awake tummy time is recommended to facilitate development and to minimize development of positional plagiocephaly.

A Parent’s Guide to Safe Sleep

2017-06-11T14:04:36+00:00 February 21st, 2012|Health and Wellness|0 Comments

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Patient Portal

If you are having a life threatening emergency please call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

S. Florida Patients

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The Pediatric Associates Patient Portal: Manage your child’s health information online – on your time! With the Patient Portal, you can request appointments, review test results, and more.

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